Thursday, August 25, 2011

A child's Help

Internally displaced children queue to collect food relief from the UN World Food Programme (WFP) at a settlement in the capital Mogadishu on 7 August 2011
The UN says about 3.6 million people are at risk of starvation in Somalia

Somali famine: Ghana schoolboy raises aid money

An 11-year-old Ghanaian schoolboy has so far raised more than $500 (£300) for victims of the famine in Somalia.
Andrew Andasi (L) and Ismail Omer, representative of the WFP to Ghana
Andrew Andasi (L) met WFP representative Ismail Omer to ask for advice
Andrew Andasi launched his campaign last week after watching footage of people walking in search of food.
He told the BBC he wanted to raise a total of $13m during his school holidays from private donations.
After a meeting with the UN World Food Programme Bank director in Ghana to ask for advice, Andrew set up a bank account for donations on Tuesday.
"I'm very very sure that I can raise it in just one month," he told the BBC.
"I want individuals, companies, churches, other organisations to help me get 20m Ghana cedis."
TV guest
He said that UN organisations had advised him to raise money rather than food for his Save Somali Children from Hunger campaign.

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"If they send it to Somalia they can buy it [food] somewhere around Somalia… because if we gather the food items it will take a long time and the plane will cost a lot," he said.
The BBC's Samuel Bartels in the capital, Accra, says the boy's determination has impressed Ghanaians and he has been appearing as a guest on TV and radio shows in recent days.
Ismail Omer, the WFP representative in Ghana, said he was impressed with his efforts.
"He is doing a lot of work and that is laudable," Mr Omer told the BBC.
"When he came to my office and said this is what he is doing, I was so delighted - I became emotional.
"I hope he can be a good leader to his generation."
Andrew, who has printed flyers and stickers for his campaign, said he was moved to act by seeing the images of Somali women and children walking for days in search of food.
He said he wanted to use his time off during his summer school holidays to help them.
"There has been serious hunger and death for [a] long time [in Somalia] - and if it goes on their country will be useless," he told the BBC at the headquarters of Ecobank Ghana in Accra after setting up a special bank account for donations.
"If I get the opportunity to go to Somalia I will talk and I will let the UN to make an announcement the warring groups in Somalia should stop because of the sick children and women," he said.
The UN says about 3.6 million people are at risk of starvation in Somalia.
More than 11 million people across the Horn of Africa have been affected by drought this year - the region's worst for 60 years.


East Africa drought: 

African Union holds donor summit

The African Union is due to hold a much delayed summit in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa to pledge funds for the famine gripping the Horn of Africa.
A father holds his sick child's hand at the Banadir hospital on August 20, 2011 in Mogadishu, Somalia
Tens of thousands of people are believed to have died in the famine
The AU has already pledged $500m (£300m), but the UN says that at least another $2bn is required to help those in need.
At least 12 million people in Somalia and neighbouring countries require emergency assistance, the UN says.
Tens of thousands are believed to have died since the crisis began.
Response criticised
African Union Commission chief Jean Ping urged Africans to "act out against hunger by providing both cash and in-kind support for urgent life-saving assistance to our brothers and sisters in the Horn of Africa".
The US, Britain, China, Japan, Brazil and Turkey have all pledged funds to the region, as has the Organisation of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) - a gathering of Islamic countries - but the contributions have fallen short of the requested assistance.
Correspondents say several African governments have faced criticism for their lack of response, and Aid agency Oxfam says only a handful of African countries have donated money so far.
The food crisis is said to be the most serious to affect the continent since the famine in Somalia in 1991-1992.

Tuesday, August 23, 2011

How to be take care of the children around you

  1. Children do as you do. Your child watches you to get clues on how to behave in the world. You’re her role model, so use your own behaviour to guide her. What you do is often much more important than what you say. If you want your child to say ‘please’, say it yourself. If you don’t want your child to raise her voice, speak quietly and gently yourself.
  2. Show your child how you feel. Tell him honestly how his behaviour affects you. This will help him see his her own feelings in yours, like a mirror. This is called empathy. By the age of three, children can show real empathy. So you might say, ‘I’m getting upset because there is so much noise I can’t talk on the phone’. When you start the sentence with ‘I’, it gives your child the chance to see things from your perspective.
  3. Catch her being ‘good’. This simply means that when your child is behaving in a way you like, you can give her some positive feedback. For example, ‘Wow, you are playing so nicely. I really like the way you are keeping all the blocks on the table’. This works better than waiting for the blocks to come crashing to the floor before you take notice and bark, ‘Hey, stop that’. This positive feedback is sometimes called descriptive praise’. Try to say six positive comments (praise and encouragement) for every negative comment (criticisms and reprimands). The 6-1 ratio keeps things in balance. Remember that if children have a choice only between no attention or negative attention, they will seek out negative attention.
  4. Get down to your child’s level. Kneeling or squatting down next to children is a very powerful tool for communicating positively with them. Getting close allows you to tune in to what they might be feeling or thinking. It also helps them focus on what you are saying or asking for. If you are close to your child and have his attention, there is no need to make him look at you.
  5. ‘I hear you.’ Active listening is another tool for helping young children cope with their emotions. They tend to get frustrated a lot, especially if they can’t express themselves well enough verbally. When you repeat back to them what you think they might be feeling, it helps to relieve some of their tension. It also makes them feel respected and comforted. It can diffuse many potential temper tantrums.
  6. Keep promises.  Stick to agreements. When you follow through on your promises, good or bad, your child learns to trust and respect you. So when you promise to go for a walk after she picks up her toys, make sure you have your walking shoes handy. When you say you will leave the library if she doesn’t stop running around, be prepared to leave straight away. No need to make a fuss about it – the more matter of fact, the better. This helps your child feel more secure, because it creates a consistent and predictable environment. 
  7. Reduce temptation. Your glasses look like so much fun to play with – it’s hard for children to remember not to touch.  Reduce the chance for innocent but costly exploration by keeping that stuff out of sight. 
  8. Choose your battles. Before you get involved in anything your child is doing – especially to say ‘no’ or ‘stop’ – ask yourself if it really matters. By keeping instructions, requests and negative feedback to a minimum, you create less opportunity for conflict and bad feelings. Rules are important, but use them only when it’s really important.
  9. Whining: be strong. Kids don’t want to be annoying. By giving in when they’re whinging for something, we train them to do it more – even if we don’t mean to. ‘No’ means ‘no’, not maybe, so don’t say it unless you mean it. If you say ‘no’ and then give in, children will be whine even more the next time, hoping to get lucky again.
  10. Keep it simple and positive. If you can give clear instructions in simple terms, your child will know what is expected of him. (‘Please hold my hand when we cross the road.’) Stating things in a positive way gets their heads thinking in the right direction. For example, ‘Please shut the gate’ is better than ‘Don't leave the gate open’.
  11. Responsibility and consequences. As children get older, you can give them more responsibility for their own behaviour. You can also give them the chance to experience the natural consequences of that behaviour. You don’t have to be the bad guy all the time. For example, if your child forgot to put her lunch box in her bag, she will go hungry at lunch time. It is her hunger and her consequence. It won’t hurt her to go hungry just that one time. Sometimes, with the best intentions, we do so much for our children that we don’t allow them to learn for themselves. At other times you need to provide consequences for unacceptable or dangerous behaviour. For these times, it is best to ensure that you have explained the consequences and that your children have agreed to them in advance.
  12. Say it once and move on. It is surprising how much your child is listening even though he might not have the social maturity to tell you. Nagging and criticising is boring for you and doesn’t work. Your child will just end up tuning you out and wonder why you get more upset. If you want to give him one last chance to cooperate, remind him of the consequences for not cooperating. Then start counting to three.
  13. Make your child feel important. Children love it when they can contribute to the family. Start introducing some simple chores or things that she can do to play her own important part in helping the household. This will make her feel important and she’ll take pride in helping out. If you can give your child lots of practice doing a chore, she will get better at it and will keep trying harder. Safe chores help children feel responsible, build their self-esteem and help you out too.
  14. Prepare for challenging situations. There are times when looking after your child and doing things you need to do will be tricky. If you think about these challenging situations in advance, you can plan around your child’s needs. Give him a five-minute warning before you need him to change activities. Talk to him about why you need his cooperation. Then he is prepared for what you expect.
  15. Maintain a sense of humour. Another way of diffusing tension and possible conflict is to use humour and fun. You can pretend to become the menacing tickle monster or make animal noises. But humour at your child’s expense won't help. Young children are easily hurt by parental ‘teasing’. Humour that has you both laughing is great.

Monday, August 22, 2011

Help the children in Somalia


  Somalia one of the harshest places on the planet, an extreme environment that presents huge challenges to its people just in terms of simple survival. The combination of  a hostile, predominantly arid environment, difficult terrain with settlements scattered over vast distances, the legacy of a nomadic way of life and a civil conflict that has shattered social structures and exacerbated poverty add up to mean that a Somali child’s chances of surviving to adulthood are among the lowest of children anywhere in the world. Add to this the fact that the odds of the child’s mother dying during pregnancy or in childbirth are also extremely high. These high death rates stem from the interaction of a number of causes set within a complex  socio-political context , but are largely attributable to  disease, dehydration, malnutrition, lack of safe water, and poor sanitation.
Diarrhoeal disease-related dehydration, respiratory infections and malaria are the main killers of infants and young children, together accounting for more than half of all child deaths. Cholera is endemic in Somalia, with the threat of outbreaks recurring annually during the “season” from December to May, when in many crowded communities  the pre-conditions are set as a result of critical  water shortage.The major underlying causes of diarrhoea are the lack of access to safe water, and poor food and domestic hygiene.
Malnutrition is a chronic problem in all areas, and becomes acute when areas are struck by drought or flood, or where localized conflict flares up, scattering populations. A persistent shortage of food  (mainly due to successive droughts and conflicts), low quality diet, poor feeding practices and inadequate home management practices contribute to  many children being inadequately nourished.

© UNICEF Somalia/02-09-Taylor
One of the greatest hinderances to girls' enrolment is that traditionally they assist their mothers in bearing the burden of domestic labour and are often sent to work to generate income for the family.
Neonatal tetanus and other birth-related problems are a further cause of many infant deaths, while measles and its complications result in widespread illness. Immunization coverage is not yet sufficient to prevent measles outbreaks. Susceptibility to measles is compounded by poor nutrition and transmission is rapid where living conditions are crowded, resulting in a high death rate.

Though data are lacking, Somalia is among countries with the highest incidence of tuberculosis in the world. Overcrowded conditions in camps where many displaced people are living , general lack of treatment facilities, poor quality drugs and malnutrition keep tuberculosis as one of the country’s main killer diseases.
Inadequate water and sanitation provision cost lives
Lack of access to safe water is a striking feature in almost all parts of  Somalia. Probably less than 1 in every 3 households (29 per cent of the population) uses an improved drinking water source. A result of erratic rainfall patterns which are responsible for both droughts and floods, this climatic causation has been compounded by the destruction and looting of water supply installations during the civil war, by depredation during continuing conflicts, and through the general lack of maintenance of  existing infrastructure.
Only 37 per cent of the population of Somalia have access to adequate sanitation. Poor hygiene and environmental sanitation are major causes of diseases such as cholera among children and women. The impact of poor environmental sanitation is particularly felt in the cities, towns, large villages, and other places where people are living in close proximity to each other with waste disposal adjacent to dwellings. Lack of garbage collection facilities is another factor affecting the urban environment and polluting water sources, along with the proliferation of plastic refuse bags.
Some dynamic progress has however been made in the field of health. Somalia has stepped up its polio eradication drive as part of the global polio eradication effort. No cases of the wild polio virus have been reported since 25 March 2007.

Monday, August 8, 2011

Documentary on Violence against children in Tanzania

Abdul with his Father at the forced reunion in Bukoba, Tanzania

Abdul- ‘not his real name’ is just 13 and a school drop out, with both parents still alive he is a street child living in abandoned buildings in Bukoba town. He ran away from home due to severe beating he received from his drunkard father, his mother left probably for the same reason and left Abdul alone at the mercy of his father, after a long period of merciless strikes he ran away on the night when his father came home drunk as usual and tied him with ropes and left him hungry without food all night. Before dawn stroke Abdul knew his only way to survive is to run away from his father, and he ran away, we found him in the street cold, hungry and scared, lucky enough we had a policewoman with us, who asked Abdul to direct us to his father’s home and we confronted him with our cameras, he was shocked but showed no remorse. Our policewoman Christina ordered him to report to the children social welfare offices first thing next morning and warned him against any violence towards his son Abdul as he would face jail time.
The full documentary on the event will be available soon. The documentary is produced in conjunction with Pact Tanzania  

Paul with his Grandmother in Musoma

PAUL - ‘not his real name’ is a 12 years old boy living in Musoma, Mara region in Tanzania, he is featured in our up coming documentary sponsored by Pact Tanzania an international NGO working with children.
Paul has been a victim on molestation and sexual abuse that has dented his live for ever, the soft spoken boy was abandoned by both parents, the mother left the house one day in search for food and never came back, the father is not known, he left in time when Paul can hardly speak, he moved in to live with a relative, and it is during this time that a neighbour took advantage of Paul’s vulnerability and loneliness and he repeated had sexual intercourse with this 12 year old boy, due to extreme level of poverty in his family this man promised him petty gifts in return for his silence, eventually Paul stopped going to school and was never interested in school by the time the grand mother took him in to stay with her Paul was already weak and sick, She took him to the Doctor and reported to the police, the neighbour is on the run.
Please do not leave your children in the hands of a person whose behaviour you do not know even a close relative. 

Do it for the children

Thursday, August 4, 2011

Child porn network busted!!!

US charges 72 over 'nightmare' child porn network

Source- Yahoo news

US officials Wednesday unveiled charges against 72 people in their largest global probe into Internet child pornography which smashed a "nightmare" online bulletin board catering to pedophiles.
The investigation launched in 2009 has led to arrests in the US and 13 other countries of participants in Dreamboard, which had a "VIP" ranking system for members trading in graphic images and videos of adults molesting children age 12 and under, often violently, the Justice Department said.
"Dreamboard's creators and members lived all over the world -- but they allegedly were united by a disturbing belief that the sexual abuse of children is proper conduct that should not be criminalized," Attorney General Eric Holder said.
"The members of this criminal network shared a demented dream to create the preeminent online community for the promotion of child sexual exploitation, but for the children they victimized, this was nothing short of a nightmare."
The ongoing probe has led to the arrest of 52 people in the US and 13 other countries -- Canada, Denmark, Ecuador, France, Germany, Hungary, Kenya, the Netherlands, the Philippines, Qatar, Serbia, Sweden and Switzerland.
Thirteen of the 52 individuals arrested have pleaded guilty, and 20 of the 72 individuals charged "remain at large and are known only by their online identities," a Justice Department statement said.
Operation Delego "represents the largest prosecution to date in the United States of individuals who participated in an online bulletin board conceived and operated for the sole purpose of promoting child sexual abuse, disseminating child pornography and evading law enforcement," it said.
"Dreamboard was a self-described global 'community' of pedophiles dedicated to the relentless victimization and exploitation of children 12 and under," said Assistant Attorney General Lanny Breuer.
According to the Justice Department, membership was tightly controlled by the site's administrators, who required prospective members to upload child pornography when applying for membership.
Members were then required continually to upload images of child sexual abuse in order to keep up their membership in the board, which included rules of conduct printed in English, Russian, Japanese and Spanish.
Some of the children featured in the images and videos were just babies, said Holder.
"And, in many cases, the children being victimized were in obvious, and intentional, pain -- even 'in distress and crying,' just as the rules for one area of the bulletin board mandated," he added.
All 72 of the defendants are charged with conspiring to advertise and distribute child pornography, and 50 are also charged with engaging in a child pornography enterprise.
"Dreamboard members allegedly used the power and anonymity of the Internet to motivate each other to commit their horrific acts of sexual abuse of minors and trading in child pornography," Breuer said.
According to court documents, members employed a variety of methods to conceal their activities, using "screen names" and proxy servers, which can be used to reroute web traffic and disguise a user's actual location.
Dreamboard members also encouraged the use of encryption programs on their computers, which password-protect computer files to prevent law enforcement from accessing them in the event of a court-authorized search.
Officials said the charges and arrests were conducted in three separate phases over the course of the operation.
Four of the 13 individuals who have pleaded guilty for their roles in the conspiracy have been sentenced to prison.
On May 10, Timothy Lee Gentry, 33, of Burlington, Kentucky, was sentenced to 25 years in prison; on May 31, Michael Biggs, 32, of Orlando, Florida, was sentenced to 20 years; on June 22, Michael Childs, 49, of Huntsville, Alabama, was sentenced to 30 years; and on July 14, Charles Christian, 49, of Tilton, Illinois, was sentenced to more than 22 years in prison.
Operation Delego was conducted by the Justice Department with Homeland Security's Immigration and Customs Enforcement, along with other global law enforcement agencies including Eurojust, the European Union's Judicial Cooperation Unit and "dozens of law enforcement agencies throughout the world," the statement said.

Hon Dr. Asha Rose Migiro to launch the report on violence against children on 9th August 2011

Asha-Rose Mtengeti Migiro (born July 9, 1956 in Songea, Ruvuma Region, Tanzania) is a Tanzanian lawyer and politician. On January 5, 2007, she was named as the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations. She was formally appointed and assumed office on February 1. She is the third Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations.

 on January 5, 2007. According to Ban, "She is a highly respected leader who has championed the cause of developing countries over the years..." He also said that "Through her distinguished service in diverse areas, she has displayed outstanding management skills with wide experience and expertise in socio-economic affairs and development issues." According to The New York Times, this was a fulfillment of his promise to pick a woman from the developing world for the post of Deputy Secretary-General. The UN News Centre noted that Migiro and Ban had worked together while they were foreign ministers of their respective countries.
In September 2009, she traveled to Rome and had a meeting with Italian foreign minister Franco Frattini and Pope Benedict XVI in order to discuss civilocity and violence against women.
United Nations representatives were reportedly preparing to finalize an initiative aimed at stopping the genital mutilation of women and genocide.
On 9th August 2011 this remarkable Tanzanian lady will be launching the report on violence against children, and I will be airing several documentaries on violence against children filmed in Bukoba, Mara, Zanzibar and Dar es salaam, the Bukoba and Mara documentaries are in collaboration with the police force, ministries in Tanzanian government, communities and Pact International. The documentaries will be aired on TBC-1, snippets will be available on this blog very soon.